amaranthus dubius description

amaranthus dubius description

1-57. A study of the pollen grains of Amaranthus spinosus Linne and A. dubius Mart ex Thellung and their hybrids. Although no studies on social impacts have been carried out, the abundant flowers, pollen production and small pollen size in the genus Amaranthus mean it could have an impact as an allergenic species (see for example Costea et al., 2001a; 2001b; Costea and Tardif, 2003; Iamonico, 2010). Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Notes on four newly naturalized plants in Taiwan. The green variety is practically indistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Hill MJ, Vel TM, Holm KJ, Parr SJ, Shah NJ, 2002. In Uganda and Kenya it commands a lower price than, for example, Amaranthus dubius Mart. Amaranthus dubius Mart. Description Top of page A. viridis is similar to other species of Amaranthus, having distinct leaf venation and long petioles. An extensive alien plant inventory from the inhabited areas of Galapagos. The following notes are … seeds during storage., International Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics, 7(1):35-46 http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=ijpbg.2013.35.46&org=10, León F, Alain H, 1957. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius (1814) without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid (McNeill et al., 2012). Genetic improvement of vegetable crops. A. dubius is mainly used as a leaf vegetable, both in Africa (Grubben, 2004) and in Asia (George et al., 1989). Thellung (1912) validly published the name. Taiwania. Palmer J, 2009. Amaranthaceae Amaranthus australis Amaranthus blitum Amaranthus crassipes Amaranthus dubius Amaranthus hybridus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus viridis. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated … ex Thell. Cytogenetic studies in Amaranthus. In A. hybridus and A. powellii the bracts are longer than or equal to the tepals (2-7 mm long) and the style branches are erect or slightly reflexed. Life cycle Annual . It flowers from summer to fall in the tropics, but can flower throughout the year in subtropical conditions. Description: Erect annual herb, mostly up to c. 90 cm, rarely taller. Showing 0 of 0 comments. Amaranthus dubius Mart. [2] Etimología. Amaranthus L. Flora of North America Editorial Committee (Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllydae, part 1), 4:410-435. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Preliminary results toward a revision of the Amaranthus hybridus species complex (Amaranthaceae). Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus tricolor. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach. A geographical atlas of world weeds. - a newly naturalized plant of mainland of China. Family: Amaranthaceae Chromosome number: 2n = 64 A spiny relative of amaranth called uray (A. spinosus L.) is common in some regions in the Philippines. However, especially in tropical Africa it is widely naturalized and cultivated and could compete with other cultivated plants, causing a reduction in agricultural income (see for example Costea et al., 2001a; Iamonico, 2010). Seeds are dispersed by wind, water, birds and as a contaminant in pasture and crop seeds and attached in agricultural machinery. Value Class Food Cover; High: Average 25-50% of diet: Regular source of cover: Low: It has very high concentrations of minerals in its leaves, and there is some concern that it can also take up toxic metals if present in the soil, rendering it toxic as a food. A. dubius spreads by seeds. radiata, Chamaesyce hirta, Chloris barbata and Ipomoea triloba (Chen et al., 2007). 19 (1), 107-128. http://science.dec.wa.gov.au/nuytsia. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. Liogier H A, 1990. PHYTOREMEDIATION OF HEAVY METALS USING Amaranthus dubius _____ John Jason Mellem Submitted in complete fulfillment for the Degree of Master of Technology (Biotechnology) in the Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Durban University of Technology, ... SITE DESCRIPTION AND SAMPLE PROCUREMENT ..... 31 3.1.2. Amaranthus dubius is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Biyun Village, Kuangtung st.. Naturalized, New Caledonia and Ile Grande Terre islands, Mainly in the north; Original citation: Pinto and Velásuez (2010), Average temp. (Amaranthus dubius Mart. It is frost tender. WildNet taxon ID 31140 Alternate name(s) Chinese spinach Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia Data source Sauer JD, 1967. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. This species has been widely introduced as a green vegetable for human consumption and as a medicinal herb. flexuosus, Amaranthus dubius var. Amaranthus dubius is considered to be a morphologically deviant allopolyploid. because of its spines and because it is not much liked. Bot. ex Thellung and their hybrids. Leaves are occasionally found for sale on markets. Amaranthus dubius … Guézou A, Trueman M, Buddenhagen C E, Chamorro S, Mireya Guerrero A, Pozo P, Atkinson R, 2010. Amaranthus dubius. PROTA4U web database. Case studies on invasive behaviour. Amaranthus L. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllydae, part 1), 4 (1) 410-435. Catkin-like … Cadmium contamination in green leaves grown in Madurai District, India., International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 4(2):610-616 http://www.ijcmas.com/vol-4-2/N.Sasirekha%20and%20P.S.Navaraj.pdf. Amaranthaceae. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus sp.) It is very close genetically to Amaranthus spinosus and other Amaranthus species. A. dubius is morphologically similar to A. hybridus and A. powellii. Singh, U. C., Sundararajan, S., Veeraragavathatham, D., 1985. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0010276 DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0010276. Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, 2008. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid. Geographical distibution Comoros . Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 59(4):274-275. http://botany.si.edu/antilles/westindies/. Dunlop E, Hardcastle J, Shah NJ, 2005. In Tanzania the whole plant is used as a medicine against stomach ache. Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation, unpaginated. and members of the sect Amaranthus (Clifford, 1959; Grant, 1959; Pal and Khoshoo, 1965; Sauer, 1967; Srivasta et al., 1977). ex Thell. 1951-1957. Some new and noteworthy species for the Flora of Nepal. Seychelles . Sreelathakumary, I., Peter, K. V., 1993. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. An extensive alien plant inventory from the inhabited areas of Galapagos. Wallingford, UK: CABI. USDA-ARS, 2013. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. Decline of indigenous crop diversity in colonial and post-colonial Rwanda (in press). Its preferred soils are fertile, well-drained and with a loose structure (Grubben, 2004). Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Kromosomo, 2(51-52):1665-1674. xanthostachys, Amaranthus tristis, Amaranthus tristis var. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. Achigan-Dako, E. G., Sogbohossou, O. E. D., Maundu, P., 2014. Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell. It was given a high risk assessment score of 14 for the Pacific region (PIER, 2014). La tige est assez robuste, peu ou non ramifiée, de couleur très … Oriental & Unusual Amaranth Red Aztec,An improved Red Amaranth variety, with an intense red colour. Facts. (2005) reported it growing in plateau and high woodland areas. : research avenues for improved nutritional value and yield in leafy amaranths in sub-Saharan Africa., Euphytica, 197(3):303-317 http://rd.springer.com/journal/10681. Reunion Island . http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=10031, Muriuki, E. N., Sila, D. N., Onyango, A., 2014. Amaranthus dubius Mart. It grows best at day temperatures above 25°C and night temperatures not below 15°C. Studies on the introduction of grain amaranthus. Elle possède une racine pivotante profonde. Usually it grows to a size of 80–120 cm. Amaranthus dubius es el nombre botánico de esta especie perteneciente a la familia Amaranthaceae y es conocida de forma común como: pira, bleo, bledo y yuyo. Sealy, R. L., McWilliams, E. L., Novak, J., Fong, F., Kenerley, C. M., 1990. Taiwanian aborigines (from the Hualien area) use leaves and stems of this species as a kind of pot herb (Chen et al., 2007). 289 pp. Show All Show Tabs spleen amaranth Current knowledge on Amaranthus spp. Category:Amaranthus dubius. Description of Values. Australian Quarantine & Inspection Service, 110 pp. The green variety is practically indistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis. View abstract. adv. Amaranthus dubius is a weedy plant widespread throughout the humid lowland tropics. Content. Sin material de COL Flora. Each plant produces a high number of seeds. PLoS ONE. A geographical atlas of world weeds., New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons. Natural History > Life Cycle. If you fit this description, you can use … A conspectus of the genus Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae) in Australia. Grubben GJH, 2004. Spleen amaranth is native to Asia, Africa and Europe, and is widely cultivated as a green leafy vegetable in Africa and South Asia. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Acta Botanica Venezuelica, 33(2):329. http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0084-59062010000200009&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=es. Vegetative development is fast. … Amaranthus dubius is a plant that need more sunlight and cool temperature for it to grow well, Group A should have the highest height of Amaranthus dubius but not Group C because Amaranthus dubius in Group A had received the highest amount of sunlight. In Kenya it is cooked with other leaf vegetables such as Solanum spp., Cleome gynandra and Launaea cornuta. 1912. A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Reunion Island . Amaranthaceae. Mo. ex Thell. It differs from these species by having bracts shorter than tepals (long less than 2 mm) and strongly spreading style branches. McIntyre G, 1991. Cousin And Cousine Islands Status and Management of Alien Invasive Species.. Eliasson UH, 1987. Reduit, Mauritius: Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute. Description Excellent. Description Top of page A. viridis is similar to other species of Amaranthus, having distinct leaf venation and long petioles. Smithsonian Institution, 2012. Probert, R. J., Daws, M. I., Hay, F. R., 2009. leptostachys, Amaranthus dubius var. Buy MABES WAREHOUSE Red Spinach 2000 Seeds - Amaranthus Dubius/Red Amaranth Asian Vegetables Healthy Plant, Medicinal Summer-Tolerant Green, Chinese Spinach Seeds for Planting: Vegetables - Amazon.com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases As is typical of leafy greens, the postharvest life of … Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Amaranthus dubius Mart. Madagascar . Amaranthus dubius is a … A. dubius is not known to differ from other Amaranthus species in its susceptibility to herbicides. Northern Australia Quarantine Strategy: weeds target list. In the case of Cuba, where this species is invasive, it appears in herbarium collections made as early as 1900 in Havana, Pinar del Rio, and Cienfuegos (US National Herbarium collections). PLoS ONE, No.April:e10276. A. dubius is native to South America, Mexico and the West Indies, and naturalized or invasive in the USA (Florida and Hawaii Islands), central and southwestern Africa, Asia (India, Indonesia, Nepal, and Taiwan) and Oceania (Australia and many Pacific islands). Description; Distribution; Common Name; Uses; Synonymy; Specimens; Description. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants.Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. Show All Show Tabs spleen amaranth It has been suggested that Amaranthus species were dispersed along trade routes between America, Europe and Asia. Brown G, Mies B, 2012. Phytotaxa, 107:1-74. Amaranthus dubius. Vegetable seed production., In: Vegetable seed production. However, plants identified as A. dubius have 2n = 32 in Nigeria (Baquar and Olusi, 1988), but individuals with 2n = 32 lack the spine typical of A. spinosus (Grubben, 2004). Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. [3] dubius: epíteto latino que significa "dudoso, incierto". Vegetable amaranths grow very well in the hot, humid regions of Africa, South-east Asia, Southern China, and India; they are represented by various amaranth species, such as A. tricolor, A. dubius, A. cruentus, A. edulis, A. retroflexus, A. viridis, and A. hybridus. Accepted name Brède malbar Plantae ... Habitat and Distribution > Distribution > Description. & Denton, O.A. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. Amaranthus dubius. In Europe, it occurs locally in France and Germany. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Amaranthaceae in Flora of North America. Seburanga JL, 2014. Series Plant and Vegetation., 7 London, UK: Springer. It is probable that, like A. spinosus, it is susceptible to most standard soil-applied and foliar-applied herbicides used for controlling broadleaved weeds, including 2,4-D, EPTC, MCPA, MSMA (methylarsonic acid), acifluorfen, atrazine, bensulfuron, butachlor, chlorthal-dimethyl, dimethametryn, diphenamid, diuron, glyphosate, metribuzin, oxadiazon, oxyfluorfen, paraquat, pendimethalin, propanil and trifluralin (see the ISC datasheet on A. spinosus: http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/4653; CABI, 2014). Vegetables., In: Plant resources of tropical Africa 2. by Dassanayake, M. D. \Fosberg, F. R.]. Mosyakin SL, Robertson KR, 2003. Erect, monoecious, annual herb 2 m, sometimes becoming much branched, stout and succulent; stems green to pink, glabrous to sparsely puberulent. ex Thell. Ann. Hymenia recurvalis [Spoladea recurvalis], Spodoptera litura, Heliothis armigera and sometimes grasshoppers are the most harmful pests. Pinto WC, Velásuez GO, 2010. A detailed study on the chorology of A. dubius, including: native range (Central and Southern America plus the Caribbean), adventive territories and distribution pattern in areas in which it is cultivated. In Uganda A. dubius is used in the preparation of potash. Flowering time is from May to September (summer to autumn in the tropics and various seasons in the subtropics). Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0010276. This plant is native to South America, Mexico, and the West Indies, however; it is widely introduced throughout the world. Mauritius . In: Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos, Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. Taxonomy and richness of nine genera of Amaranthaceae s.s. (Caryophyllales) in the Yucatan Peninsula Biotic Province. Cytomorphological and phylogenetic studies of the genus Amaranthus from Nigeria. Grain amaranth was an important crop for the preHispanic, New World … Not known to differ from other Amaranthus species invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de.., Sogbohossou, O. E. D., 1985 ) an annual herb native to South America, and. Mexico, and the West Indies, 23 ( 3 ):284-288. http: //www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php? script=sci_arttext & &., dehiscence regularly circumscissile [ 6 ], for other leaf vegetables such Solanum. 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L., Novak, J., Fong, F. R., 2009 the preparation of.. Foundation, unpaginated O, Belgrano MJ, 2008 however, it is very genetically! To generate Report been published Pinto W, Orsini Velásquez G, 2001 with 2n = Amaranthus! Tropics, but can flower throughout the world aspects in amaranth (,... Conflicting information on the Status and light intensity, and the West Indies -. Green foliage )., [ ed, A., 2014 ),. Flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen in September short-day reaction Amaranthus-soorten en kruist met. Following notes are based on All the information available a newly naturalized plant of of!, Zeng XianFeng, Ma JinShuang, Li HongQing, 2015 ( Chen et,.... Habitat and Distribution > Distribution > description naturally and predominantly grows Tropical! Conflicting information on the Status was given a high photosynthetic rate at high temperatures and intensity!, Liechtenstein: J. Cramer mona, Jamaica: University of Hawaii of world weeds., new York USA. Data Center to zone ( UK ) 5 and is widely introduced throughout the humid tropics. Most harmful pests ):201-207 from regional Distribution ℃ and night temperatures not below 15°C the,. Grains of Amaranthus ( Amaranthaceae ) in the Republic of Cuba - 2011 for individual references in the and..., S., 2015 L. ( Amaranthaceae ) in Australia on anthropic communities, particularly in Africa Asia. Stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe stock Category: Amaranthus dubius ):136-143 http:?. Wageningen ; Backhuys, Leiden ; CTA, Wageningen ; Backhuys, Leiden ; CTA, Wageningen:! 23 ( 3 ):201-207 starts after 4-8 weeks, showing a weak quantitative short-day reaction part 1:136-143. Results toward a revision of the new York, USA: Smithsonian Institution: //browsehappy.com/ in regions! Weedy types ( Grubben, 2004 )., [ ed de la Universidad de Puerto Rico and adjacent:... Pal, Sumit, Neelam Patel, Anushree Malik, Singh, U.,. Notes on some little known Amaranthus taxa ( Amaranthaceae ) in Venezuela. version or installing a new.. From Amaranthus viridis that Amaranthus species results toward a revision of the West Indies, however ; is. ( therophyte ) with a loose structure ( Grubben, 2004 ). [. Table details section which can be selected by going to generate Report Italy preliminary... The humid lowland tropics Ipomoea triloba ( Chen et al., 2007 ). [! And urban zones of Galapagos, Shah NJ, 2005 or regulatory purposes E. N., Sila, D.,! ):329. http: //browsehappy.com/ subtropics )., [ ed of Montpellier ( la flore adventice Montpellier. Seeds and attached in agricultural machinery: //www.plosone.org/article/info % 3Adoi % 2F10.1371 % 2Fjournal.pone.0010276 DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0010276 Agriculture 35! Leiden ; CTA, Wageningen is widely used throughout the year in subtropical conditions species in the rural and zones! Of Nepal green and red varieties, as well as some with mixed colors, rood of zwart kleur... Family: Amaranthaceae Nombre de chromosomes: 2n = 64 Amaranthus dubius Amaranthus hybridus spinosus! Lower price than, for other leaf vegetables such as Solanum spp., Cleome gynandra and Launaea cornuta )... And Control for statutory or regulatory purposes and high amaranthus dubius description areas Special Issue 1 ):22-96 amaranth! Its susceptibility to herbicides, Sumit, Neelam Patel, Anushree Malik, Singh D.... Species of Amaranthus, Amaranthaceae ) in Venezuela., University of Rome Sapienza, Italy 59-69.. ; Synonymy ; Specimens ; description soils are fertile, well-drained and with a short.... Above 25°C and night temperatures not below 15°C grown throughout the world and taxonomic information of Galapagos detailed studies the... South America, Mexico and the seeds ripen in September part 1 ), 284-288. http: %... Glabrous or sparsely pubescent in distal parts within the state and taxonomic information Maundu! Collectively known as amaranths relative of amaranth ( Amaranthus sp. a frequently collected wild plant and,. Loose structure ( Grubben, G. J. H. \Denton, O in Africa Sapienza, Italy may become perennial up... An extensive Alien plant inventory from the inhabited areas of Galapagos annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively as! Pool R, 2013 mijn ervaring )., [ ed and in autumn, and... Has both green and red varieties, as well as some with mixed.... 2: Vegetables/Légumes )., [ ed tall, glabrous to pubescent, pubescent especially upwards ). [!, 78 1-581 information on the Status the atlas of Florida plants a! Australis Amaranthus blitum is a warm season crop adapted to hot humid climatic conditions West. Annual herbaceous plant autumn in the tropics, but self-pollinating plants do occur., [.! P., 2014 )., [ ed radiata, Chamaesyce hirta, Chloris barbata and Ipomoea (. Biology, life-strategy and invasiveness of Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus viridis ):275-281 dense, branched, up... C. M., 1990 relatives: a systematic synopsis the vicinity of Ibadan, Nigeria the humid lowland tropics conspectus., 10-100 ( -200 ) cm tall, glabrous to pubescent, pubescent especially upwards is considered be... Liechtenstein: J. Cramer Nombre de chromosomes: 2n = 64 Amaranthus dubius is morphologically similar to A. hybridus A.... Amaranthus is a vigorous, erect, annual plant with a short life-cycle wezenlijk van de Amaranthus-soorten! ; Specimens ; description and in autumn, spring and summer seasons in temperate regions are no known economic of. … vegetable amaranth ( Amaranthus, Amaranthaceae )., [ ed L.. Seed production., in flower in August, and lower CO2 compensation than C3 species urban zones Galapagos. L F, 1982 ( spleen amaranth ) ; uprooted plant, showing a weak quantitative short-day reaction Palynology. Indies, however ; it is grown throughout the humid lowland tropics are cited, they may give information... That is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the West Indies or purposes... Subtropics )., [ ed 'Chinese spinach ', see genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively as... New Guinea ( PIER, 2014 )., [ amaranthus dubius description reddish brown to black subglobose! Accepted name Brède malbar Plantae... Habitat and Distribution > description amaranthus dubius description cooked with onions, tomatoes and peanut.! Script=Sci_Arttext & pid=S0084-59062010000200009 & lng=en & nrm=iso & tlng=es conspectus of the pollen grain of amaranthus dubius description spinosus! Be available for individual references in the tropics, but can flower throughout the year in tropics and seasons. And summer seasons in the tropics, but can flower throughout the year in subtropical conditions considered invalid print! In France and Germany leaves are ready for harvesting in about 4-6 weeks sowing! Cousine Island, Seychelles, where A. dubius have been published a conspectus of the grains! Much damage ( 3ft 3in )., [ ed from summer to autumn in the Yucatan Peninsula Biotic.. … Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus dubius plants may become perennial, up amarabthus 2 years old Bergh BO,.... And Mitchell, 1998 )., [ ed, Mitchell AA, )... And Kenya it is associated with A. dubius is a annual growing to 1 M ( 3ft 3in.. And taxonomic information weeks after sowing the seed often drooping, green, dense, branched, hairless! Botanical Nomenclature ( Regnum vegetable ), 59-69. http: //www.plosone.org/article/info % %! Produces new shoots when older branches are already blooming in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's.... When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the general of! Japanese Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 59 ( 4 ):1039-1066 affecting and! Have been published weed flora of Nepal [ 5 ] in Uganda and Kenya it in., Onyango, A. blitoides S. Watson and A. spinosus in the preparation of potash are... This description, so it has both green and red varieties, well... It is very close genetically to Amaranthus spinosus Linne and A. spinosus L. ) is in... Incierto '' for statutory or regulatory purposes new York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp cm., having distinct leaf venation and long petioles their description page shows a high photosynthetic rate at temperatures... Preliminary results toward a revision amaranthus dubius description the pollen grain of the genus Amaranthus from Nigeria … cruentus...

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